What Is Job Safety Analysis?
If you are part of the construction or heavy industry projects, then the risk of injury is part of your job. While risk cannot be eliminated, it can be reduced and controlled by using standard procedures and good work practices. Some people can accept that risk is a normal part of doing a job. The question is how much risk you are willing to accept.
Every day and on every task, risk is with you. It is determined by the exposure and probability of something bad happening and how severe the outcome would be. We are faced each day with the reality of risks and how much we are willing to accept. But some do not really understand that risk and their willingness to accept it.
Risk is first accepted at the organization level and it is forced down to the local level. It is usually the function of the management to control risks and in order to help understand risk and keep it in an acceptance level, good tools must be used. Only tool commonly used today for understanding risk is job safety analysis.
The people doing the work and their immediate supervisors control risk at the lowest management level. Those who need to be involved in both the planning and execution of the tasks should be given enough opportunity to be involved and be kept informed of the developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them.
Hazards are easily spotted by worker. However, they are not good at mentioning them. Most incident investigations have found that workers in the area knew the hazard existed. Most workers think hazards are normal and they think that risks are acceptable. Employees should get involved in order to help managers reduce risk.
With the goal of establishing a common level of risk tolerance among the team members, this process can be affected by several things. The judgment and decisions of the supervisory staff and employees are the most critical part of work area risk assessment and communication of local hazards.
The fact that different people perceive risk and level of risk tolerance in different ways makes it difficult to communicate risk on a construction site. IN order to improve and document the communication process and ensure mutual understanding of risks and controls by all people involved, the job safety analysis tool is used.
The risk management process in heavy industry includes job safety analysis. This management tools help reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptance level by making all the members of a team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures, and hazards of the job.